Ngati Raukawa ki Kapiti Combined Energies; Te Aitanga-a Kiwa series 1995

John Bevan Ford is well known for his use of inter-cultural indigenous symbols and references to raranga (Maori weaving). This painting is replete with both those symbols and also suggestions of weaving in the fibrous nature of the compositionally dominant spiral, its soft vertical lines suggesting open-weave fabric. Maori motifs are only subtly implied amongst the various bird-like figures, aquatic creature shapes and personifications that echo Pacific identities. This painting pays respect to the indigenous cultures of Japan and Australia, including them in a discourse about those who populate the Pacific rim.

The artist deserves the respect many Maori people pay him for his socially-based insights into many non-Western ways of viewing the world. His work encapsulates the ideal embedded in the Maori term 'nga hau e wha'. A literal interpretation of this term is 'four winds', which refers to situations, including marae hui (meetings), where people from all corners of this country, if not the rest of the world, gather together for a particular kaupapa (reason, agenda or important issue). Their combined efforts toward beneficial change are invited on such occasions.

In this work, Bevan Ford champions just such a combined movement to guarantee the respect and preservation of indigenous cultures, many of whom have lost languages and distinctive cosmologies as the result of European expansion into the Pacific. The artist's combined energies represented here are all nature-based, in stark contrast to the primarily commercial energies that drove colonialist activity. JD

John Bevan Ford 1930-2005
Ngati Raukawa ki Kapiti

Combined Energies; Te Aitanga-a Kiwa series 1995
Pigmented inks on Japanese paper

The Fletcher Trust Collection

The art of John Bevan Ford was well-known outside New Zealand as the result of his work at the Metropolitan Museum, New York, and the British Museum, London, where in 1998 he was artist-in-residence. He also created major sculptures for the cities of Changchun and Beijing, in China. For most of his life he dedicated himself to art education, inspired by his mixed Maori and European heritage.

In this work, one can readily see the highly detailed linear style he favoured. While it is something entirely his own, there is no doubt of the influence of the form and structure of hand-woven Maori cloaks. For him, the cloak became an all-encompassing metaphor for landscape, migration and mythology. He readily absorbed motifs and symbols from other cultures, too. His art was concerned with making bridges between past and present, and between cultures and peoples. PS

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